2018 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES
Operation Freedom’s Sentinel, Report to the United States Congress
Lead Inspector General for Overseas Contingency Operations, January 1, 2018 – March 31, 2018.
Operation Freedom’s Sentinel Report to Congress is issued according to five Strategic Oversight Areas: Security; Governance and Civil Society; Humanitarian Development; Stabilization; Support. The central issues raised in the Executive Summary can be found here.
Thailand’s Junta Cracks Down on Thaksin’s Pheu Thai Party
Neil Thompson, The Diplomat
As Thailand’s National Council for Peace and Order intensifies its crackdown on political opposition in the lead up to the repeatedly delayed 2019 elections, frustration is growing within the population. Since 2014, the military junta has undertaken radical constitutional amendment in a bid to suppress political discontent. Their legitimacy is now waning as they fail to fulfil many of their promises to improve the economy, protect democratic rights and achieve national reconciliation. The opposition Pheu Thai Party recently expressed these sentiments in a national press conference, generating a backlash from the military government. An emboldened NCPO has created a political system that reflects the military-backed civilian administration in neighbouring Myanmar, which will be difficult for opposition to overcome.
Analysis: Threats to a Rules-Based International Order
Quentin Peel, AIIA.
The international order is perceived to be under unprecedented strain. Australia’s interests lie in preserving a system that can guarantee its interests will not be ignored by rival superpowers. The first issue facing the Rules-based International Order is the interconnected issues of legitimacy, equity and complacency. The order must not be undermined by “might-is-right” policies, nor be perceived to work only for the minority and cannot be expected to reign as if natural order. As geopolitical power shifts occur, the emergence of ‘narrow, bilateral and transactional’ approaches to diplomacy further risks substituting a “deal-based order” for the existing “rules-based order”.
UN chief launches new disarmament agenda ‘to secure our world and our future’
24 May 2018,Peace and Security – UN News
‘The United Nations chief announced a bold new vision for global disarmament on Thursday, to help eliminate nuclear arsenals and other deadly weapons from a world that is just “one mechanical, electronic and human error away” from destruction.’ Disarmament is viewed as a tool for prolonged peace with an outlook to minimizing global insecurity. The new “Agenda” focuses on WMD, conventional weapons and new battlefield technologies and expresses an intent to continue moving disarmament forward for ‘if you do not go forward, you do go backward’.
Restoring the Eastern Mediterranean as a U.S. Strategic Anchor
Alterman, Conley, Malka & Ruy, Center for Strategic International Studies
An extensive CSIS Report on the current geopolitical balance of power in the Eastern Mediterranean. The report explores a delicate history of diplomacy that continues to be vital to regional stability. It assesses the powerful forces: Russia, Iran, Turkey and Chinese investment; and discusses regional transformation, national fragmentation, economic crises, energy and migrant surges. The report reflects on the importance of bolstering existing relationships whilst managing policy divergence with Turkey.
Malaysia: A New Direction? But For How Long?
Miles Kupa, AIIA– 18 May
The unexpected outcome of Malaysia’s 9 May Elections has enacted rapid and profound political change. The author cites the unpredictability of the near future but notes the importance of trying to assess the implications of recent moves. The new ruling coalition is so diverse that it may bring forth clashing objectives. Each of the experienced party leaders will strive for consolidation of their position, amidst a push to restore government integrity. It is known that the previous government maintained rule in undemocratic ways; can that system be upheaved or will it be tempting to slowly phase it out? The ramifications of the change of government will be felt in neighbouring ASEAN partners. Singapore and Thailand will each be conscious of the consequences to their own regimes, whilst regional autocrats will reflect and likely tighten their grip on control.
Book Review, International Law Reporter
Ian Park, The Right to Life in Armed Conflict (Oxford University Press, 2018).
‘Park seeks to clearly articulate the right to life obligations of states during both international and non-international armed conflict in respect of those individuals affected by the actions of states’ armed forces and members of the armed forces themselves.’ In order to determine the obligations of states in conflict, Park assesses the sources of law, case law developments and the practical applications in the context of recent conflicts and state action.
Counterterrorism Spending: Protecting America while Promiting Efficiencies and Accountability
Stimson Centre, https://www.stimson.org/sites/default/files/file-attachments/CT_Spending_Report_0.pdf
From the Executive Summary: A lack of accurate accounting on US spending on counterterrorism measures prevents informed policy decision-making. The Stimson Centre convened a nonpartisan study group to explore government wide post-9/11 CT expenses. The initial estimation – including wars, international programs and home security measures – came in at $2.8 trillion. This amounts to 16% of total discretionary spending in that period, 2002-2017. A broad set of parameters were identified to make the significance of CT spending transparent, including: funding reports, anticipation of future budgetary pressure, require Congress approval to separately approve emergency or wartime spending.
Global Health Security: Why Malaria Elimination is a Priority
Associate Professor Helen Evans AO, AIIA – 9 May 2018
Populations in the Asia-Pacific region are facing increasingly complex health threats, with 30 new infectious agents have been found over three decades. Given the catastrophic threat to economic and human development posed by epidemics, the Australian Foreign Affairs White Paper made a new commitment to preventing and responding to infectious diseases, targeting four key areas of investment. Amidst this concern, Evans posits four reasons that malaria should be a key focus: It is easily preventable; it is capable of rebounding with increased resistance after a temporary downfall in numbers (such resistant strains found in Asia-Pacific would be disastrous if they reached Africa – where the pressure remains high); it disproportionately impacts women and children; and it is a burden on macroeconomic development and therefore peace and security.
The United States and Pakistan: Frenemies On the Brink
Peter R Mansoor, Hoover Institution – April 26 2018
Pakistan has habitually mismanaged strategic relationships with power-patrons, regional competitors and non-state clients. Only Pakistan’s geopolitical position as a land bridge between Central Asia and the Indian Ocean keeps the alliance with America alive. History reflects the fragility of this relationship. Despite rampant Islamization after the 1977 coup, American support of the new regime was expedient amidst the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the Iranian Revolution. After the 9/11 attacks, President Musharraf sided with the American quest for Taliban terror suspects and was repaid in part by the 2005 humanitarian support following a deadly earthquake. This has done little to prevent mutual distrust: the ISI have played a duplicitous game and the US chose not to communicate Operation Neptune Spear to Islamabad. The political fallout lingers; on one side – outrage at the breach of Pakistani sovereignty, on the other, accusations of harbouring terrorist organisations. The gravity of American allegiance and the importance of Pakistan granting access to logistical lines make this acrimonious relationship too valuable to sever.
In Focus: With Great Power: Modifying US Arms Sales to Reduce Civilian Harm
In collaboration, the Centre for Civilians in Conflict and Stimson Centre examine the responsibility of America to modify its international arms sales to reduce civilian harm. Global armed conflict was responsible for an estimated 102,000 deaths and extensive damage to civilian infrastructure in 2016. Given the significant American share of the global export market (29%) – the US has an opportunity to shape the arms trade so as to reduce civilian harm. Recommendations include: conflict-related “tripwires” requiring re-assessment of sales; supplementing sales with customised technical assistance and legality training; planned civilian harm mitigation measures. The full report is available
Journalists’ deaths can only thicken the fog of war over Afghanistan
Emma Graham-Harrison, The Guardian– 6 May 2018
Coordinated bombing attacks in Kabul have recently killed ten journalists, among many others – in one of the deadliest days since the fall of the Taliban. ‘The risk from this attack…is that the fog of war gets denser when journalists join the list of targets and casualties.’ The Afghani press is celebrated as a resilient institution directed towards holding the powerful to account and chronicling the war – a responsibility further burdened by the recent targeted attacks.
How Wars End
Professor Damien Kingsbury and Richard Iron CMG OBE,Australian Institute of International Affairs
The authors explore five principles to help identify the opportunities to invest in successful peace-making.
- The conditions have to be right for a war to end – these conditions can be cultivated, by improving the benefits of peace or increasing the costs of ongoing conflict to a belligerent. Examples cited: Dayton Agreement & Good Friday Agreement (1995)
- Independent and trusted mediation – impartial mediators with sufficient authority to command respect or compel obedience. Example: 2005 Helsinki Aceh Peace Agreement
- Meaningful negotiation between the rightpeople – Meaningful requires consideration of the causes and drivers of the conflict; the right people are those that have control over belligerent forces. Examples: 1999 Lomé Peace Agreement – RUF negotiating party lost control of military; Cf. Adams and McGuiness who retained power over the whole IRA for the Good Friday Agreement.
- Transitions to peace must be mapped and agreed; successful peace is built, not imposed – this requires disarmament, demobilization, reintegration as well as income and self-respect for ex-combatants.
- The international community can play an important, or a complicating, role – by persuading or coercing combatants through systems of reward / punishment, or guarantees such as peace-keepers and monitors.
Post Reformasi Indonesia: The Age of Uncertainty
Professor Tim Lindsey, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Twenty years ago, the Soeharto era ended with reformation. Today’s post-Reformasi Indonesia is full of domestic uncertainty.’ A shaky liberal democracy risks conceding political privilege to Islam and institutionalising intolerance. In the lead up to 2019 elections, political corruption, pressure on civil society from traditional elites, technological disruption and turbulent relations with neighbouring countries all complicate the contemplation of a clear national future and the path to stability. Unimpressive economic management and growing signs of fierce protectionism, as well as cracks in the national consensus of religious pluralism may require Australia to recalibrate its expectations of a relationship with it’s increasingly wealthy neighbor.
Future Development: Improving the relationship between security and development
Homi Kharas and Bruce Jones, Brookings Institute
The relationship between security and development is critical to restoring global peace and stability. A recent World Bank event ‘The Security-Development Nexus’ engaged various leaders in a discussion of: the importance of synthesising development and security early in conflict zones; campaign planning in collaboration with humanitarian and development actors; inclusion – the battle for civilian hearts and minds; the role of regional institutions and; the virtuous cycle of infrastructure, security and investment.
UN NEWS: UN Mission condemns suicide bombing in central Somalia as attempt to derail reconciliation process
28 April 2018
‘The United Nations Mission in Somalia has condemned the suicide bombing that reportedly killed government security officers and civilians in the city of Gaalkacyo.’ The Mission head attributed the attack to the insecurity that extremists are feeling as a result of regional reconciliation efforts. Particularly an agreement stipulating: ‘a withdrawal of forces from the disputed city, the removal of all roadblocks to allow free movement of people and goods, and the introduction of joint police training and patrols.’
Commentary: Korean Presidents’ Meeting is a Memorable Step Forward
Crisis Group, 27 April 2018
‘Symbolism and substance combined to make the 27 April meeting between the North and South Korean presidents a momentous occasion.’The two sides issued the Panmunjom Declaration for Korean Peninsula Peace, Prosperity and Unification. Amidst the positive language and symbolism, the Declaration established a concrete timeline and put forward potentially transformative steps, including a dedicated line of secure communication between leaders and multi-party talks for institution of a Korean peace system. In order to overcome historically founded skepticism and appeal to US economic assistance, North Korea will have to take a more substantive approach to denuclearization.
Cash Co-ordiantion in Humanitarian Contexts
Julia Steets & Lotte Ruppert – Global Public Policy Institute
Full Policy Paper
In crisis contexts, cash transfer programs grant cash or vouchers for goods or services directly to individuals, households or communities. The case for their efficiency is rising. [The following is extracted from the executive summary(link)] This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of seven institutional models for cash transfer programs in humanitarian contexts. The authors address various stakeholder concerns to arrive at five principles of effective cash coordination: technical and strategic functions; predictable funding and resources; inter-sectoral involvement; embedded in coordination architecture; “host governments” should lead the coordination.
Australia’s Offensive Cyber Capability
Fergus Hanson & Tom Uren, Australia Strategic Policy Institute
Following the 2016 public announcement of Australia’s offensive cyber warfare capacity – there has been much excitement and misinformation. This policy brief seeks to clarify some of the misunderstandings arising from sensationalist reporting. Offensive cyber operations are defined as activities in cyberspace that manipulate, deny, disrupt, degrade or destroy targeted computers, information systems, or networks. Most developed States now employ such tactics to varied degrees, though Australia has been the first to adopt a transparent approach to cyber warfare, international law compliance and integration of cyber capabilities within the ADF.
UN NEWS: Do not send refugees back to the violence they fled from, UN agency urges Cameroon
The UNHCR has again appealed to the authorities in Cameroon to “refrain from further forced returns and to ensure protection” of Nigerian refugees and asylum-seekers who fled Boko Haram violence. The UN agency has registered some 87,600 Nigerian refugees in the country. Since the beginning of 2018, 385 refugees have been forcibly removed; 160 on 10 April and another 118 during the following week.
‘Untouchable’ Myanmar army under fire over torture and murder claims
Joshua Carroll, The Guardian
The UN’s annual report to the security council on acts of violence carried out by armed forces has for the first time listed the Myanmar military. The report cited “widespread threat and use of sexual violence was integral to their strategy, humiliating, terrorising and collectively punishing the Rohingya community”. Despite long-standing patterns of violence, the untouchable status of the army is being undermined by lawyers determined to secure convictions against soldiers who violate human rights.
Army Service Could Be the Answer to Europe’s Integration Problem
Elisabeth Braw, Foreign Policy 18 April 2018
‘The EU’s defense forces are struggling to recruit, and immigrants are often eager to serve.’ The French Foreign Legion is the subject of much military legend, and has recently been expanded to make up 11% of the French Army’s total force. German, Sweden and Poland (among others) are increasing their number of troops but the main challenge facing them is the demographic of potential recruits. Purported solutions include amending entrance requirements and various forms of conscription. With great numbers of foreign migrants beginning to settle in new European homes, military service could be an answer to issues of employment, military resources and national integration.
From Mandate to Mission: Mitigating Civilian Harm in UN Peacekeeping Operations in the DRC
Center for Civilians in Conflict
From the report’s “executive summary”: All military operations, even those undertaken by peacekeeping forces, carry with them the potential to harm civilians. This report examines what measures and processes theUnited Nations Organisation Stabilization Missionin the Democratic Republic of Congo has in place to mitigate the negative effects of its operations on the civilian population of the DRC. The report claims that more can be done to incorporate civilian perspectives of the Mission into tactical planning and targeting decisions. The challenges in the context of the DRC are heightened – where non-state combatants are often embedded within the civilian population.
Preventing Boko Haram Abductions of Schoolchildren in Nigeria
International Crisis Group, 12 April 2018
Four years after the abductions in Chibok, the Boko Haram insurgency is far from over and more than 100 schoolgirls remain missing. The Nigerian government and its international partners need to redouble efforts to protect communities in areas affected or at risk, through the deployment of additional security forces and continued counter-insurgency operations but also, if feasible, through dialogue.
Preventing Escalation in the Baltics: A NATO Playbook
Ulrich Kühn, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Icy relations between NATO and Moscow are at greatest risk of escalation in the Baltics. Kühn explores the challenge that Russian ‘new-generation warfare’ poses to the alliance, and the possibility of miscalculation and ultimately, conflict escalation. Various pathways to escalation are discussed: NATO’s Trip wire approach, mutually ambiguous nuclear policies, military and non-kinetic Russian antagonism. The recommended strategy consists of deterrence and assurance, resilience, and risk-reduction measures.
The Use of Force in Response to Syrian Chemical Attacks: Emergence of a New Norm?
Michael Schmitt and Lt. Col Chris, Just Security
The authors comment on the jus ad bellum framework in the context of recent US strikes. The various potential legal bases for the strikes are assessed. In lieu of Security Council authorization and a basis for self defense, they explore whether there was a breach of erga omnesand whether it can be enforced, and the potential for humanitarian intervention (and various limitations). Given widespread condemnation of the attacks and support for the strikes, the article postulates that we may be witnessing the birth of a nascent right in customary law allowing States to forcefully end the use of repugnant weaponry against civilian populations.
How do we prevent ISIS 2.0? Withdrawing from Syria is not the answer
Pavel K Baev, Ryan Crocker & Michael E O’Hanlon, Brookings [original source: USA Today]
Withdrawing U.S. forces, security assistance, economic aid, and diplomatic engagement from Syria risks allowing the civil war there to continue—or worse, to expand. It is imperative that the US continue to campaign against ISIS and al Qaeda affiliates, to enforce the UN sponsored aims to produce a new government, to diminish Iran’s control, to aid refugees and displaced, to clear the country of WMDs and to stabilize parts of the country not under Assad’s regime. To absolve responsibility for the multi-faceted crisis would risk allowing the ongoing anger and resentment to give rise to ISIS 2.0.
The principle of non-refoulement in the migration context: 5 key points
Tilman Rodenhäuser, ICRC– Humanitarian Law & Policy
The principle of non-refoulement is well established at international law. Its recognition in the international community is essential in order to address the humanitarian assistance and protection needs of refugees and vulnerable migrants. This article discusses five key points regarding the sources, substance and operation of the principle of non-refoulement for the protection of migrants at international law.
Anthony H Cordesman, ‘Stability Operations in Syria: The Need for a Revolution in Civil-Military Affairs’ (2018) Military Review
Cordesman discusses the need for improvement in civil-military operations of the US Army. ‘Revolutions in military affairs are not a substitute for revolutions in civil-military affairs. Being the best war fighter in the world is not enough. Neither is treating stability operations and civil-military affairs as a sideshow.’ He argues that contemporary civil-military conflict must be updated to match the grand strategic goal of war fighting; not just to produce a favourable military outcome or defeat the enemy, but to win as lasting a victory as possible in political, economic and security terms.
Jeffrey Rathke, ‘Security in Northern Europe and the Road to the 2018 NATO Summit’ CSIS December 2017
The meeting of NATO leaders should focus on four key areas to overcome ongoing strain and Russian efforts to undermine the security order. Posture: reinforcement strategy in a complicated A2/AD environment. Capabilities: capitalize on the pledges of solidarity and financial commitment. Structures: An update maritime strategy that brings conceptual order and a higher level of ambition for the North Atlantic Command. Partners: security collaboration and increased engagement on civilian end of the civil-military spectrum.
Report: The Sociopolitical undercurrent of Lebanon’s Salafi Militancy
Raphaël Lefèvre, march 26 2018 Carnegie Middle East Center
Lebanon’s exponential rise in Salafi militancy is, at its core, a sociopolitical revolt originating in marginalized Sunni neighborhoods (often with large numbers of Syrian refugees). The groups are claiming divine backing in local struggles for urban power and resources. The fear of Syrian refugees as potential Salafi militants is based on anecdotal evidence which confuses patterns of marginalization, trauma and resentment for pure ideological indoctrination. Acts of violence and radical rhetoric are being met with strict government backlash – which misses the need for a holistic solution to the urban segregation (employment, education and infrastructure) and penal system that perpetrate radicalization.
News: Mali mass grave victims had been in military custody, claims Amnesty
Ruth Maclean, The Guardian 4 April 2018.
A mass grave has been found in central Mali, amid a deteriorating security situation marked by bombings, gang abductions and military perpetrated killings. Residents of Dogo told Amnesty International that the six people found in the grave were arrested days earlier by the military. The state has no control over many regions of central and northern Mali – an ongoing struggle since the fall of Gaddafi’s Libyan regime saw seasoned fighters and seized arms return to Mali with extreme violence and imposition of sharia law.
Joint Publication: ICRC and Harvard Humanitarian Institute – engaging conflict affected civilians in the digital era
An ICRC and HHI joint discussion paper on engaging with civilians affected by armed crises and urban violence in the digital era. ‘Institutional resistance to change, operational constraints, the complex integration of localization processes, the fear of devlolving power and decision making – in affected areas…continue to prevent effective and meaningful engagement and accountability between affected civilians and humanitarians…this needs to change.’
The Philippines: After the Fighting in Marawi
Samuel J. Cox for Australian Institute of International Affairs
The expulsion of Islamic State-affiliated insurgents from Marawi has been successful, but the issue for the Philippine Armed Forces is now one of reconstruction recovery and rehabilitation (R3). The 5-month urban war caused a substantial humanitarian fallout with mass human displacement and pressing security concerns. The post conflict narrative has failed to appropriately communicate and educate, leading many to shift their blame from insurgents to the government. The institutional recovery in Marawi is further challenged by a lack of previously effective economic drivers or law enforcement. The post conflict challenges extend beyond common goods and infrastructure to social and community healing.
Democracy in the new geopolitics
Torrey Taussig & Bruce Jones, Brookings Institute – 22 March 18
Brookings analysts discuss the multitude of potent internal and external challenges to democracy in a new geopolitical order; in which competition is flaring ‘over internal political systems.’ Regional recession in liberalism, economic and disparity and social unrest signpost a slowing of “third wave” democratic impetus from the mid 1970s. With the established global stalwarts shying from their position as vanguards of democracy it is no surprise to see emergent powers throughout Asia, Africa and South America subsequently reticent toward advancing liberal democratic institutions. Further, the relationship between GDP and democatisation has shifted, allowing many nations to reap the benefits of the global market without being decidedly democratic (read: China, Vietnam & Ethiopia). The authors note that the risk of slow degradation of democracy is not a new phenomenon and call for increased response from domestic civil society and international institutions. The article goes on to discuss a number of risks: resurgence of populism, corruption, illiberalism and authoritarian power – that require attention, for fear of the precedent set in the 20th century of the recession of powerful liberal states.
Analysis: The Future of ASEAN
AIIA; By Dr Marty Natalegawa (former Indonesian Foreign Minister) 16/03
Dr Marty Natalegawa, the Indonesian Foreign Minister between 2009-14, calls for ASEAN to become a driver for change amidst changing regional dynamics and geopolitical forces. He cites the need to reverse a trust deficit in decaying instruments established by ASEAN and the importance of partnership over transactional relations to the region. He calls for promotion of non-use of force in the region and an increased crisis management capacity.
Human Rights Watch, Mexico: UN report points to torture, cover-ups in probe into disappearance of 43 students
UN NEWS – 15 March 2018, https://news.un.org/en/story/2018/03/1005022
The United Nations human rights wing says that it has strong grounds to believe that the investigation into the disappearance of 43 students from a rural Mexican college in 2014 was marred by torture and cover-ups. Ayotzinapa is a test case of the Mexican authorities’ willingness and ability to tackle serious human rights violations.
Commentary: End the Weaponisation of Water in Central Asia
Alina Dalbaeva, International Crisis Group 15 March 2018, https://www.crisisgroup.org/europe-central-asia/central-asia/kazakhstan/end-weaponisation-water-central-asia
Four Central Asian states – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan – have argued over their water resources since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Their respective presidents met in Astana over the weekend, with an opportunity to address the tension for the first time in a decade. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan are short on water, and Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan short on electricity. Cotton field irrigation, hydropower and dam proposals have caused great tension, whilst at various times, shared resources have been used as a manipulative political tool. Whilst deep rooted mistrust has hindered cooperation, Presidential leadership may lead to renewed commitment to equitable access and improved irrigation infrastructure.
Monica Hakimi, ‘The Jus ad Bellum’s Regulatory Form’ (2018) 112 American Journal of International Law ‘(forthcoming)’.
Today’s security challenges – transnational terror, commission of mass atrocities and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction – are not compatible with regulation through general standards. “Informal regulation” offers a promising alternative. It allows states to balance, on a case-by-case basis, their competing demands for dispatch, flexibility, and collective legitimization. Of course, such regulation can be effective only if states themselves decide to use it, but their past practice suggests that they might. They would almost certainly strengthen the jus ad bellum if they do.
Analysis: The Timor Sea Disputes: Resolved or Ongoing?
Dr Rebecca Strating, Australian Institute for International Affairs
An historic maritime treaty has been signed between Australia and Timor-Leste under UN Compulsory Conciliation (UNCC) initiated by Timor. A central point of contention is the (unresolved) dispute over the lucrative Greater Sunrise gas field. Strating argues that the contest is multifaceted, with three major issues: the creation of permanent maritime boundaries, an appropriate split of upstream revenue from the contested Greater Sunrise field and the question of how the field should be developed. The last drove Timor’s abandonment of previous arrangements in the Timor Sea. Australia is avoiding responsibility for the major issue of a Timorese gas pipeline, amidst denouncement from industry leaders of its unviability.
The denied oppression of Myanmar’s Rohingya people
IRIN News <https://www.irinnews.org/maps-and-graphics/2018/03/12/myanmar-levels-former-rohingya-villages-build-camp-returnees>
An analysis of satellite images done for IRIN by a United Nations programme that produces humanitarian mapping, shows extensive land clearance of Rohingya villages to make way for a massive repatriation camp. Authorities in Myanmar have framed reconstruction as part of a broader scheme to develop the impoverished northern Rakhine region. The UNHCR has been barred from accessing the Rakhine region since the nation’s military crackdown began.
REPORT: ‘Attacks and killings’: human rights activists at growing risk
Annie Kelly, The Guardian – Global Development 10/3/18
A survey by the Business and Human Rights Resource Center recorded a 34% global rise in attacks against human rights activists last year. In 42% of cases, judicial intimidation was used in an attempt to suppress protests against business activities. This included arbitrary detention, criminalization and aggressive lawsuits. The new data quantifies the likelihood of corporations using legal means to prevent the protest and deter communities speaking out against corporate abuse or irresponsibility. This is prevalent in nations where corporations are given impunity from the State and are required to be increasingly competitive for access to natural resources.
Statement on International Humanitarian Law
The laws of war are our shield against barbarity: President’s address to the Human Rights Council, International Committee for the Red Cross.
- The President of the International Committee of the Red Cross urges member states of the Human Rights Council to fulfil their obligations to protect the life and dignity of civilians in conflict. He argues that the mitigation of suffering is foremost reliant on the respect of international humanitarian law; the rules of common humanity. Not only does the law work, but it has far-reaching, positive ramifications for the lives of those who remain once the guns have fallen silent.
Update on Humanitarian Aid
Aid convoy for Eastern Ghouta should arrive on Monday, UN and partners announce, UN News, 4 March 2018.
- An announcement from the humanitarian wing of the UN, that much-needed aid relief should arrive on 8 March in the besieged Syrian enclave of eastern Ghouta. The UN and its partners will provide health and nutrition supplies along with food for 27,500 people. Despite a UNSC call for ceasefire, hostilities rage on and 13.1 million Syrian nationals are in need of ongoing help.
Flashpoint: India, Vietnam Tout International Law, Freedom of Navigation in South China Sea, Ankit Panda, The Diplomat – 5 March 2018.
- India and Vietnam are converging in their support for freedom of navigation in the South China Sea. Sharing a number of mutual interests, the two nations made a joint statement to address concerns of Chinese behaviour in the Indo-Pacific. They expressed support for international law in the Indo-Pacific region, including respect of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and a free, fair and open trade system.
Water Cooperation an “instrument of Peace” by Danilo Turk, International Peace Institute
- Türk, Chair of a Global Water and Peace panel told a 2018 forum that at a time of increased water scarcity – international water cooperation had become an essential instrument of peace. The world has to find ways to produce 50% more food and double energy production in the next 25 years as water levels diminish. Water may become a catalyst for geo-political dynamics and unlike oil, has no alternative. The West African water policy was cited as a rational approach to distribution for the entire region.
‘Understanding Data Breaches as National Security Threats’ by Susan Landau, Lawfare.
- Landau argues that theft of private individual’s data is no longer a mere annoyance, but a threat to the public security. Citing the Russian interference in the 2016 Presidential campaign, it is argued that the consequences of identity theft may be further reaching that a matter of privacy. U.S. legal protections are said to be piecemeal, lacking genuine tools for regulation and prosecution. Landau asserts that Congress must re-evaluate its approach to citizens’ privacy – for the sake of national security.
‘Asia-Pacific countries pledge women, girl’s empowerment at high-level UN forum’, UN News
- At a high-level United Nations regional consultation in Bangkok, senior government representatives from Asia and the Pacific committed to empower rural women and girls, to lift their standard of living and combat structural barriers impacting their human rights. Living standards, economic empowerment, land rights, food security, health and education are among the main targets of the rights based approach enshrined in the 2030 Agenda.
Waiting to erupt: Congo’s war was bloody. It may be about to start again, The Economist 15/02/18
A short history of Congolese sovereignty reveals violent kleptocracies, assassinations and social disintegration. Current President Kabila has now exceeded his constitutional term and quells renewed social unrest through violent suppression. The brutality of security forces and rebel groups has led to internal displacement of 4.3m (UN). Conflict with Islamist guerillas in many of Congo’s provinces is driving many more refugees out of the country; precedent hints at the capacity for increased bloodshed.
The horrific Congolese War (1998-2003) is categorized into four driving factors. The external shock of refugees from the Rwandan Genocide brought violence and required swift regional intervention from neighbouring countries. The three other factors: mineral wealth, rotten state institutions and a complex tangle of ethnic and tribal animosity stirred up by warlords – all exist today. An illegitimate president (with no viable competition) and growing unrest increases the possibility of relapse into civil war. Nonetheless the potential exists for Congo to become the beating heart of the African continent. Mineral wealth, geographic position and the great river are great opportunities for the nation. Conversely, they drive greed, ethnic tribalism, misrule and Western intervention.
‘The Post-Islamic State Marshall Plan That Never Was’ by Rhys Dubin, Foreign Policy
‘UN determined to support authorities in strengthening rule of law’ UN News
‘No longer just catch up: China will soon have air power rivalling the West’s’, The Economist
‘Turkey Tests Waters off Coast of Cyprus’ by Xander Snyder, GeoPolitical Futures
‘We need a joined-up security strategy for a dangerous world’ by Anthony Bergin, Australian Financial Review
‘Security of UN peacekeepers: the minefield of politics, people and principles’ by Lisa Sharland, ASPI
‘Can religious leaders play a role in enhancing compliance with IHL?’ by Ioana Cismas, York Law School & Ezequiel Heffes, Geneva Call, ICRC
‘What’s Behind the Spike in Deadly Terror Attacks in Afghanistan?’ by Andrew Wilder, USIP
‘Note to Correspondents on the Report on Improving Security of Peacekeepers’ UNSG
‘The United States and Southwest Asia’ by Mohammed Ayoob, ASPI
‘The Korean Peninsula Crisis (I): In the Line of Fire and Fury’ by Crisis Group
‘More than submarines: New dimensions in the Australia–France strategic partnership’ by Jacinta Carroll and Theo Ell, ASPI
‘Challenges & dilemmas in frontline negotiations: Interview with Claude Bruderlein’ by Claude Bruderlein, Humanitarian Law and Policy
‘Top ten developments in international law in 2017’ by Merel Alstein, OUPBlog
2017 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES
‘Emerging areas of terrorism in Southeast Asia’ by Murray Ackman, The Strategist
‘North Korea’s New Missile Is Bigger and More Powerful, Photos Suggest’ by Choe Sang-Hun, New York Times
‘Australia’s foreign policy White Paper: What does it say, and what does it mean?’ by Stephen Dziedzic, ABC
UNODA Occasional Papers – No. 30, November 2017: Perspectives on Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems
‘The Uncounted’ by Amat Khan and Anand Gopal, The New York Times Magazine
‘Behind Mugabe’s Rapid Fall: A Firing, a Feud and a First Lady’ by Norimitsu Onishi, New York Times
‘Nuclear Disarmament and the Protection of Cultural Heritage’ by Dr Patricia Lewis and Dr Beyza Unal, Chatham House
‘Military Influence Operations & IHL: Implications of New Technologies’ by Pontus Winther, ICRC
‘Women’s Struggle for Citizenship: Civil Society and Constitution Making after the Arab Uprisings’ by José Vericat, International Peace Institute
‘PacNet #76 – Defeated terrorists in Marawi pose wider threat to Southeast Asia’ by Dane Chamorro and Bill Dickey, CSIS
‘Watch List 2017 – Third Update’ by Crisis Group
‘How We Persuaded 122 Countries to Ban Nuclear Weapons’ by Beatrice Fihn, Matthew Bolton and Elizabeth Minor, Just Security
‘Evolving Sino-Russian Cooperation in Syria’ by Yixiang Xu, United States Institute of Peace
‘Divisions within the global jihad: A primer’ by Daniel L. Byman, Lawfare
’25 Years of Negotiations and Provocations: North Korea and the United States’ by Lisa Collins, CSIS Beyond Parallel
‘Journey To Extremism In Africa Journey To Extremism In Africa‘
‘Secretary-General’s remarks at Security Council High-Level Open Debate on Peacekeeping Operations Regarding the Reform of UN Peacekeeping: Implementation and Follow Up’, UN News Centre
‘Out of balance: Global counter-terrorism and the laws of war’ by Stephane Ojeda, Humanitarian Law and Policy
‘Restoring Stability in a Turbulent Middle East: A Perspective From the League of Arab States’ produced by Council on Foreign Relations
‘The International Community’s Response to the Rohingya Crisis’ by Aisha Ismail and Elliot Dolan-Evans, AIIA
‘Australia and UN peacekeeping at 70: proud history, uncertain future’ by Lisa Sharland, ASPI Strategist
‘Red Cross links investors to war zones with first ‘humanitarian bond” by Inna Lazareva, Reuters
‘What Were China’s Objectives in the Doklam Dispute?’ by Jonah Blank, Foreign Affairs
‘Buddhism and State Power in Myanmar’ by Crisis Group
‘U.S. Seeks U.N. Consent to Interdict North Korean Ships’ by David E. Sanger, New York Times
‘Autonomous Weapons and Weapon Reviews: The UK Second International Weapon Review Forum’ by James Farrant and Christopher M. Ford, Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
‘Recommendations for Reducing Tensions in the Interplay Between Sanctions, Counterterrorism Measures and Humanitarian Action’
‘The Military Cost of Civilian War Casualties’ by Andrew Shaver and Jacob N. Shapiro, Foreign Affairs
‘Is Duterte Warming to the United States?’ by Joshua Kurlantzick, Council on Foreign Relations
‘North Korea, war and ANZUS’ by Rod Lyon, The Strategist
‘UN sees early warning signs of genocide in CAR’ Al Jazeera
‘Welcome on Board: Improving Respect for International Humanitarian Law Through the Engagement of Armed Non-State Actors’ by Annyssa Bellal, Yearbook of IHL 2016
‘China-India Border Dispute a Grim Sign for Stability in Asia’ by Professor Nick Bisley, AIIA
‘The Relationship of the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons with other Agreements: Ambiguity, Complementarity, or Conflict?’ by Stuart Maslen, EJIL: Talk!
‘Resolution 2272: Holding UN Peacekeepers Accountable’ By Dr Sarah Smith
‘How ISIS nearly stumbled on the ingredients for a ‘dirty bomb’ by Joby Warrick and Loveday Morris, Washington Post
‘China’s Foreign Policy Experiment in South Sudan’ by Crisis Group
‘Increased US Role Pushing Syria in New Direction’ by Dr Bruce Mabley
‘Lessons From Mosul: How to Reduce Civilian Harm in Urban Warfare’ by Sahr Muhammedally, Just Security
‘The growth of offensive strike capabilities in Northeast Asia’ by Rod Lyon, ASPI
‘Understanding the UN’s new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons’ by Ramesh Thakur, ASPI
‘North Korea has tested an ICBM. Now what?’ by Jonathan D. Pollack, Brookings Institute
‘Marawi fight: 100 militants ‘holed up with hostages’ in centre of city’ by Lindsay Murdoch, The Age
‘Privatised Peacekeeping And The UN’ By Jonathan Crowe and Anna John, AIIA
‘Course Correction’ by Ely Ratner, Foreign Affairs
‘RAMSI Ends: What’s Next for the Solomon Islands?’ by Grant Wyeth, The Diplomat
‘The Roots Of The Qatar-Saudi Arabia Dispute’ by Dr Anthony Billingsley, AIIA
‘Database Of States’ Statements Concerning Use Of Force In Relation To Syria’ by HLS PILAC
“Abuses in the fight against ISIS” by Belkis Wille, Senior Iraq Researcher, Human Rights Watch
‘Hacking in Qatar Highlights a Shift Toward Espionage-for-Hire’ by David D. Kirkpatrick And Sheera Frenkel, New York Times
‘Australia-EU Cooperation On Security, Foreign Policy And Development’ by Peter Jennings, AIIA
‘Applying the HIPPO Recommendations to Mali: Toward Strategic, Prioritized, and Sequenced Mandates’, International Peace Institute, the Stimson Center, and Security Council Report
‘Can Russian Safe Zones Solve Syria?’ by Alexander Decina, Defense One
‘Moon Jae-in Inherits Leadership At An Uncertain Moment For South Korea’ by Scott Snyder, Council on Foreign Relations
‘Jihadi Brides or Female Foreign Fighters? Women in Da’esh – from Recruitment to Sentencing’ by Ester Strømmen, PRIO Centre on Gender, Peace and Security
‘2016 Progress Report – Australian National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security 2012-2018’ by Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet
‘China, the UN and the rules-based global order’ by Lisa Sharland, The Strategist
‘Fake news fight: Cyber security is little defence against the information war’ by Chris Zapping, The Age
‘Crowded and complex: The changing geopolitics of the South Pacific’ by Joanne Wallis, Australian Strategic Policy Institute
‘Instruments of Pain: Conflict and Famine’ by Crisis Group
‘Intercross the Podcast: Episode #10 The Intersection of IHL and Islamic Law with Dr. Ahmed Al-Dawoody’
‘Exclusive: Situation in Syria constitutes international armed conflict – Red Cross’ by Stephanie Nebehay, Reuters
‘What Do Top Legal Experts Say About the Syria Strikes?’ by Ryan Goodman, Just Security
‘New U.N. team aims to bring Syria war crimes to court’ by Stephanie Nebehay, Reuters
‘Munich Security Report 2017: “Post-Truth, Post-West, Post-Order?”’ by Munich Security Conference Foundation
‘10 Conflicts to Watch in 2017’ by Jean-Marie Guéhenno, Foreign Policy
‘Old friends and opportunity cost’ by Kim Beazley, ASPI
‘North Korea’s Latest Test’ by Tom Korako, CSIS
‘How Democracies Lose in Cyberwar’ by Moisés Naím, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
‘That Phone Call: Trump And Turnbull’s Alliance Challenge’ by Cam Hawker, AIIA
Sustaining Peace in Security Transitions: The Liberian Opportunity’ by Gizem Sucuoglu and Lesley Connolly, International Peace Institute
‘The state of conflicts today: Can humanitarian action adapt?’ by Claudia McGoldrick, ICRC
‘Why Trump needs the United Nations’ by Eric Rosand, Brookings Institute
‘A Trio of Blockbuster Judgments from the UK Supreme Court’ by Dr Marko Milanovic, EJIL: Talk!
‘Counterterrorism, Cybersecurity, and Homeland Security’ Lisa Monaco, Council on Foreign Relations
‘Global counter-terrorism must not overlook the rules of war’ by Stéphane Ojeda, ICRC
‘At Security Council, UN chief Guterres makes case for new efforts to build and sustain peace’ UN News Centre (10 January 2017)
‘What Comes After the Bloody Battle for Aleppo?’ by Noah Bonsey, Crisis Group
‘State Responsibility for Assisting Armed Groups: A Legal Risk Analysis’ by Ryan Goodman and Vladyslav Lanovoy, Just Security
‘People on War 2016’ by ICRC
‘Trump’s “Safe Areas” in Syria — An Explainer on International Law’ by Nathalie Weizmann, Just Security
‘To Build Consent in Peace Operations, Turn Mandates Upside Down’ by Adam Day, Centre for Policy Research
‘Alliances in the Asia-Pacific: US Commitments Will be Tested’ by Yuki Tatsumi, Stimson Center
‘Battle Over Aleppo Is Over, Russia Says, as Evacuation Deal Reached’ by Anne Barnard, New York Times
“Real Security: Governance and Stability in the Arab World” by the Lawfare Podcast
‘Aiding and Assisting: Challenges in Armed Conflict and Counterterrorism’ by Harriet Moynihan, Chatham House
2016 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES
‘From peacekeeping to counterterrorism: Africa matters’ by Ash Collingburn, Australian Strategic Policy Institute
‘Non-State Armed Groups, Detention Authority in Non-International Armed Conflict, and the Coherence of International Law: Searching for a Way Forward’ by Daragh Murray (2017) 30 Leiden Journal of International Law 2 (Forthcoming)
The Evolution of Warfare’ (2016) International Review of the Red Cross
‘The Uncertain Trends and Metrics of Terrorism in 2016’ by Anthony H. Cordesman, CSIS
‘Common Article 1: A Lynchpin in the System to Ensure Respect for International Humanitarian Law’ by Jean-Marie Henckaerts, ILA Reporter
ICRC launches shocking video on the human cost of ignoring the Geneva Conventions’ by International Committee of the Red Cross
‘How Women’s Participation in Conflict Prevention and Resolution Advances U.S. Interests’ by Jamille Bigio and Rachel B. Vogelstein, Council on Foreign Relations
‘Waging Peace: UN Peace Operations Confronting Terrorism and Violent Extremism’ by Arthur Boutellis and Naureen Chowdhury Fink
‘The Libyan Political Agreement: Time for a Reset’ by Crisis Group
‘Is it legal to target ISIL’s oil facilities and cash stockpiles?’ by Marty Lederman, Just Security
‘ICM Policy Paper: Women, Peace, and Security’ by the Independent Commission on Multilateralism
‘Mosul: War has limits and we need to know them’ by Phoebe Wynn-Pope, ABC News
‘The Regional and Domestic Political Context of the Mosul Offensive’ by Kirk H. Sowell, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
‘When Does the Use of Force Against a Non-State Armed Group trigger an International Armed Conflict and Why Does This Matter’ by Dapo Akande, EJIL Talk
‘Myanmar’s Peace Process: Getting to a Political Dialogue’ by Crisis Group
‘António Guterres to be next UN secretary general’ by Julian Borger, The Guardian
‘Understanding the Arms Trade Treaty from a Humanitarian Perspective’ International Committee of the Red Cross
‘In Support of U.S Alliances’ by Richard C Bush, The Brookings Institute
‘Humanity Under Fire’ by Malcolm Lucard, Red Cross Red Crescent
‘Challenges to Australian Cyber Security’ An Interview with David Irvine, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Medical Care in Armed Conflict: IHL and State Responses to Terrorism’ by HLS PILAC
‘CTBT at 20: The South Asian Challenge’ by Shams Zaman, South Asian Voices
‘Peace Day: an Opportunity for Reflection’ by Professor Diane Bretherton and Dr Tania Miletic, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘The National Security Division at 10’ Center for Strategic and International Studies
International Humanitarian Law: A Comprehensive Introduction by the ICRC
‘John F. Sopko on Countering Corruption in Afghanistan’, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
‘Even Peace May Not Save Syria’ by Robin Wright, The New Yorker
‘What’s Driving the Global Refugee Crisis?’ by International Crisis Group
‘War-Algorithm Accountability’ (August 2016) HLS PILAC
‘China Flexes’ by Michael Wesley, The Monthly
‘Lessons Learned on Arms Trade Treaty Implementation’ by Rachel Stohl, Stimson Center
‘Dissecting Britain’s approach to countering violent extremism’ by Sofia Patel, Australian Strategic Policy Institute
‘Recalibrating the Islamic State Threat in Southeast Asia’ by Phuong Nguyen, Center for Strategic & International Studies
‘The Afghan War: Reshaping American Strategy and Finding Ways to Win’ by Anthony H. Cordesman, Center for Strategic & International Studies
‘Lone-Wolf or Low-Tech Terrorism? Emergent Patterns of Global Terrorism in Recent French and European Attacks’ by Corri Zoli, Lawfare
‘Fight or Flight: The Desperate Plight of Iraq’s “Generation 2000”’ by International Crisis Group
“Children on the Frontline: Escape from Aleppo”, by Marcel Mettelsiefen. Aired on Four Corners (22 August 2016)
‘The South China Sea Ruling: 1 Month Later’ by Tuan N. Pham, The Diplomat
‘Bombing of Doctors Without Borders Hospital in Yemen Kills at Least 15’ by Shuaib Almosawa and Rod Nordland, New York Times
‘Hidden Power: Organised Crime in International Politics’ by Dr James Cockayne, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Chinese Military Organization and Reform’ by Anthony H. Cordesman with the assistance of Joseph Kendall, Center for Strategic and International Studies
‘Law and Lawfare in the Islamic State’ by Mara Revkin, Lawfare
‘The Presidential Policy Guidance for targeting and capture outside Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria’ by Marty Lederman, Just Security
‘Two Options for South Sudan’ by Aditi Gorur and Rachel Stool, Foreign Affairs
‘Drones, the Mullah, and legal uncertainty: the law governing State defensive action’ by Kenneth Watkin, Oxford University Press
‘The Updated First Geneva Convention Commentary, DOD’s Law of War Manual, and a More Perfect Law of War’ by Sean Watts, Just Security
‘Failed Coup Is a Victory for Erdogan, but Not for Turkey’s Democracy’ by Ellen Laipson, World Politics Review
‘Renewed Fighting in South Sudan’ by Rhonda Gossen, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Smart Peacekeeping: Toward Tech-Enabled UN Operations’ by A Walter Dorn, International Peace Institute
‘Whether Public Statements Regarding Iraq by U.S. Government Officials Were Substantiated by Intelligence Information’ by Select Committee on Intelligence (June 2008)
Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction
‘UN rights chief deplores terrorist attack in Baghdad; calls on Iraqi authorities to protect civilians’ UN News Centre (5 July 2016)
Analysis: Britain’s Iraq War Enquiry’ New York Times
‘The Report of the Iraq Enquiry’ (6 July 2016)
‘Bangladesh Attack Is New Evidence That ISIS Has Shifted Its Focus Beyond the Mideast’ by Julfikar Ali Manik, Geeta Anand and Ellen Barry, New York Times
‘On Peacemaking: A Decade of Reflections 2006-2015’ published by Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue
‘CrisisWatch N°155 | Tracking Conflict Worldwide’ (July 2016), Crisis Group
‘Brexit, Intelligence and Terrorism’ by Nigel Inkster, Survival: Global Politics and Strategy June–July 2016
‘Back from the brink: towards restraint and dialogue between Russia and the West’ by The Deep Cuts Commission
The Security Consequences of Brexit’ by Editorial Board, New York Times
‘China and its neighbourhood: transformation, challenges and grand strategy’ by Zhang Yunling, International Affairs July 2016, Volume 92, Number 4
‘Indonesia’s 2015 Defence White Paper’ by Bob Lowry, The Strategist
‘Review article: Averting US–China conflict in the Asia–Pacific’ by Jingdong Yuan, International Affairs July 2016, Volume 92, Number 4
‘Security Challenge in Kazakhstan’ by Luke J Dawes, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘China and the Responsibility to Protect: From Opposition to Advocacy’ by Courtney J. Fung, United States Institute of Peace
‘2016 Global Peace Index’ Institute for Economics and Peace
‘No better alternative: The U.S.- Saudi counterterrorism relationship’ by Ian Merritt, Brookings Institute
‘State Strengthening in Afghanistan’ by Scott Smith and Colin Cookman (eds) United States Institute of Peace
‘Crisis Watch No. 154 | Tracking Conflict Worldwide’, International Crisis Group (June 2016)
‘Chair’s Summary’ World Humanitarian Summit
‘A Roadmap for Australian Security Policy’ by Richard Woolcott, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘War is Back: The International Response to Armed Conflict’ by David Harland, Horizons Journal of International Relations and Sustainable Development
‘In Their Words: Perceptions of Armed Non-State Actors on Humanitarian Action’, Geneva Call
‘Afghanistan National Defense and Security Forces’ by Ali A. Jalali, United States Institute of Peace
‘Why Protecting the Red Cross Emblem Matters’ by Dr Emily Crawford, Australian Institute of International Affairs
Ad Hoc Tribunals Oral History Project
‘New Breakthrough at Colombia’s Peace Table’, Colombia Calls
‘Iraq: On the Edge of Chaos’ by Maria Fantappie, Crisis Group
‘Five Reasons Why Yemen Matters Now More Than Ever’ by Jacqueline Lopour, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Working Together for Peace: Synergies and Connectors for Implementing the 2015 UN Reviews’ by Arthur Boutellis and Andrea Ó Súilleabháin, International Peace Institute.
‘Understanding Humanitarian Exemptions: UN Security Council Sanctions and Principled Humanitarian Action’ Working Group Briefing Memorandum, Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict
‘A U.S. Admiral’s Bluntness Rattles China, and Washington’ by Jane Perlez, New York Times
‘Crisis Watch No 153 | Tracking Conflict Worldwide (May 2016)’, International Crisis Group
‘La victoire DCNS: now the work begins’ by Andrew Davies, Australian Strategic Policy Institute.
‘Humanitarian Engagement with Non-state Armed Groups’ by Hannah Bryce, Dr Claudia Hofmann, Professor Ben Saul, Joshua Webb, Charu Lata Hogg, and Professor Andrew MacLeod, Chatham House
‘Beyond UN 70: Sustaining Momentum for Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Reform’ by Richard Ponzio, United Nations University
‘New York launch of policy proposals for strengthening the rule of law through the UN Security Council’, Security Council Analysis Network
The Policy Proposals on Strengthening the Rule of Law through the UN Security Council were launched in March and aim to enhance the Security Council’s capacity to strengthen the rule of law, particularly when it deploys peace operations, applies sanctions and authorises the use of force. They can be accessed here.
‘UNSC and the RoL: Launch of policy recommendations a success’, Security Council Analysis Network
The launch of the Policy Proposals on Strengthening the Rule of Law through the UN Security Council was held in March at the UN headquarters in New York. Presentations from the event are available here.
‘Syria peace talks to continue ‘as planned’ into next week – UN Envoy’ (22 April 2016) UN News Centre
‘Public Threats, Private Solutions’ by Brian Finlay, Stimson Center
‘There’s more to Japan-Australia security ties than submarines’ by Yuki Tatsumi, East Asia Forum
‘First Steps on the Long Slog to Peace in the Middle East’ by Ellen Laipson, World Politics Review
‘NATO Needs Deterrence and Dialogue: Defining the New Balance in View of the Warsaw Summit’ by Jeffrey Rathke and Dr. Claudia Major, Center for Strategic and International Studies
‘Security Council strongly condemns firing of ballistic missile by DPR Korea’ (15 April 2016) UN News Centre
‘The Emerging Law of 21st Century War: Third Annual Justice Stephen Breyer Lecture on International Law’ delivered by Harold Hongju Koh. Hosted by The Brookings Institute and The Hague Institute for Global Justice.
‘Pakistan After the Lahore Bombing: Shaping the Security Response’ by Colin Cookman, United States Institute of Peace.
‘Crisis Watch No 152 | Tracking Conflict Worldwide’, International Crisis Group (April 2016)
‘Global Peace Operations Review’ , The Center on International Cooperation
‘Special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse’, Report of the Secretary General (16 February 2016)
The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo, International Criminal Court
U.S. and International Perspectives on the New U.S. Department of Defense Law of War Manual by Ryan Harrington, American Society of International Law
‘Security Council requests options on deploying UN police in crisis-torn Burundi’, UN News Centre (1 April 2016)
‘Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946-2014’ by Scott Gates, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård, Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal. Conflict Trends, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Africa Peacekeeping: Lessons from a Ghanian Commander’ by Fred Stasser, United States Institute of Peace
‘A Calculated Relationship’ by Yun Sun, Stimson Center
‘Women and Peace: A Special Role in Violent Conflict’ by Fred Stasser, United States Institute of Peace
‘Brussels Attacks Show Just How Desperate The Islamic State Has Become’ by Dr. Ben Rich, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Exploiting Disorder: al-Qaeda and the Islamic State’ by International Crisis Group
‘The Responsibility to Protect at 15’ by Ramesh Thakur, Chatham House, International Affairs
‘Studying Under Fire: Attacks on Schools, Military Use of Schools During the Armed Conflict in Eastern Ukraine’, Human Rights Watch For more information on the protection of schools and universities during armed conflict please see ‘Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict’ by Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack
‘Martland Act’ would empower U.S. troops to block sexual abuse on foreign soil’ by Kyle Jahner, Army Times
‘Truce Tests Relations Between Islamist Giants’ by Aron Lund, Syria Deeply
‘Why Japan’s Defense Deal with the Philippines is Unique’ by Yuki Tatsumi, The Diplomat
‘The Changing Nature of the ISIS Insurgency’ by Hassan Hassan, Chatham House
‘Conflating Terrorism and Insurgency’ by John Mueller and Mark G. Stewart, Cato Institute
‘DWP 2016: a throwback to a harder era’ by Kim Beazley, Australian Strategic Policy Institute
‘Crisis Watch Tracking Conflicts Worldwide’ (March 2016)
‘When IS is not IS: Terrorism in Indonesia’ by Thomas Murphy, Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘2016 Defence White Paper” – Australian Government Department of Defence
‘Guns mostly fall silent on first day of Syrian ceasefire’- The Guardian (28 February 2016)
‘UN Security Council endorses cessation of hostilities pact in Syria’- UN News Centre (26 February 2016)
‘32nd International Conference: Resolutions, bulletins and reports’ , International Committee of the Red Cross
‘Power of Humanity: Highlights of the 32nd International Conference’, International Committee of the Red Cross
‘A Tumultuous 2016 in the South China Sea’ by Gregory B. Poling, Center for Strategic and International Studies
‘Maghreb, Sahel Struggle With Religion as Anti-Terror Policy Tool’ by Ellen Laipson, World Politics Review
‘South Sudan on ‘verge of fragmenting,’ UN officials warn Security Council’ UN News Centre (19 February 2016)
‘Iraq: launch of the “Fighter not Killer” campaign to raise awareness of the law of war among civil society and armed non-State actors’, Geneva Call (8 February 2016)
‘Prioritizing the Protection of Civilians in UN Peace Operations’ by Aditi Gorur and Lisa Sharland, Stimson Center
‘Technologies Converge and Power Diffuses: The Evolution of Small, Smart, and Cheap Weapons’ by T.X. Hammes, Cato Institute
‘Crisis Watch Tracking Conflicts Worldwide’ (February 2016) – Crisis Watch International
‘Don’t just seek to resolve war once it erupts, prevent it in the first place, says UN chief’ – UN News Centre (1 February 2016)
‘Now Comes the Hard Part: Five Priorities in the Continuing Fight against Boko Haram’ by Jennifer G. Cooke, Center for Strategic and International Studies
‘Germany and Europe’s Security: Normalisation is Overdue’ – Australian Institute of International Affars
‘Thailand: Geneva Call supports a public campaign on humanitarian norms’
‘Women’s Participation in Peacebuilding: Lessons from the UN’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Information & Security: Evolving Concepts of Security’ (Vol 33) – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
‘Towards a Principled Approach to Engagement with Non-state Armed Groups for Humanitarian Purposes’ – Chatham House
‘What is China doing in the South China Sea?’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Istanbul Bombing Reflects Whirlwind of Regional Challenges Overwhelming Turkey’ – Chatham House
‘Syria Dialogue Gets Results in Push for Local Peace’ – United States Institute of Peace
‘African Union-peacekeepers Ambushed in Darfur’ – UN News Centre (7 January 2015)
‘Revising the UN Peacekeeping Mandate in South Sudan: Maintaining Focus on the Protection of Individuals’ by Lisa Sharland and Aditi Gorur, Stimson Centre
‘Top Risks and Ethical Decisions in 2016’ – Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
‘Crisis Watch Tracking Conflicts Worldwide’ (December 2015) – Crisis Watch International
‘Improved dialogue needed between the UN and peace and police troop contributors, Security Council Stresses’ – UN News Centres (31 December 2015)
‘Islamic State’s Information Operations Strategy’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
2015 CONTEMPORARY ISSUES
‘32nd International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement’ – DFAT (8 December 2015)
‘Trilateral Dialogue on Strengthening the Rule of Law in the UN, EU and OSCE’ – ZIF Centre for International Peace Operations (December 2015)
‘Iran: Threat Perceptions in the Middle East’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Syria Crisis 2015: Suffering Escalates as Winter Looms’ – International Committee of the Red Cross
‘Afghanistan and Pakistan: The Re-emergence of the Taliban and the Arrival of ISIS’ – Carnegie Council
‘Global Trends and Opportunities – November 2015’ – Crisis Watch
‘Peace Operations Update No 47: November 2015’ – ZIF Centre for International Peace Operations
‘The Future of Peace Operations: Maintaining Momentum’ – International Peace Institute (November 2015)
Rembert Boom, ‘Impunity of Military Peacekeepers: Will the UN Start Naming and Shaming Troop Contributing Countries?’ (2015) 19 American Society of International Law
‘Linking Security and Governance’ – Stimson Centre
‘Russia, Turkey and the US: Between the Terrible and the Catastrophic’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Violence in Syria Spurs a Huge Surge in Civilian Flight’ – New York Times (October 2015)
‘Security Council ‘unequivocally’ condemns ISIL terrorist attacks’ – UN Security Council
‘The Importance of Measuring Terrorism’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘The Central African Republic Is Still in Crisis. Can Peacekeepers Help?’ – Stimson Centre
‘The MENA Region After the Iran Nuclear Deal’ – Chatham House
‘Remarks at the Security Council Stakeout following the adoption of Security Council Resolution 2248 on Burundi’ – Ambassador Samantha Power, US Permanent Representative to the United Nations (12 November 2015)
‘What I Learned from Interviewing Imprisoned ISIS Fighters’ by Lydia Wilson – The Nation
‘The Disaster that is Yemen: Violence, Bloodshed and Suffering present daily challenges for the ICRC’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Paris attacks come at a dangerous moment for Europe’ – Chatham House
‘UN condemns ‘despicable’ terrorist attacks in Paris’ – UN News Centre (13 November 2015)
‘Ebola virus transmission has been stopped in Sierra Leone’ – UN News Centre (7 November 2015)
‘Nuclear Security’ – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
‘Stopping the Use of Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas’ – Chatham House
‘Arms Trade Treaty-Baseline Assessment Project Launches Online Reporting ATT Guidelines’ – Stimson Centre
‘Is China Moving Towards Compromise in the South China Sea?’ – Chatham House
‘Humanitarian situation in Iraq growing more complex, UN relief wing reports’ – UN Peace and Security News (21 October 2015)
‘The Role of Police in UN Peace Operations’ – Stimson Centre
‘Back to the Drawing Board: What the Recent Peace Agreement Means for South Sudan’ – Carnegie Council (22 October 2015)
‘With high number of foreign fighters in Belgium, UN experts call for robust action to address risks’ – UN Peace and Security News (16 October 2015)
‘Briefing Report: Suppressing Foreign Terrorist Fighters and Supporting Principled Humanitarian Action’ – Harvard Law School PILAC
‘Iran: Posed to be Part of the Solution to the Middle East Crisis’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa’ – Institute of Security Studies Paper No 286 (October 2015)
‘Was the US attack on the Kunduz hospital a war crime?’ – Washington Post (8 October 2015)
‘Russia’s Intervention and the Fight against ISIL’ – Carnegie Council
‘Energy Security: The Answer Lies in the Sea’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Commanding Knowledge: The Line of Fire in the IHL Principle of Proportionality’ – Harvard PILAC Report
‘No Peace in Syria Without Justice – Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
Crisis Watch No 146 (October 2015) – Crisis Group International
‘Central African Republic: The Roots of Violence’ – Crisis Watch
‘New Opportunities for Enhanced Security Cooperation Between Australia and India’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Libyan parties encourage to act on UN-backed peace plan’ – UN Peace and Security (22 September 2015)
International Peace Day 2015 – An Analysis – Carnegie Council
‘UN’s Smart New Way to Increase Economic Growth and Security’ – Stimson Centre
‘The Lawfare Podcast: A Band-Aid for a Bomber. Is Medical Assistance to Terrorists Protected Under IHL?’ – Lawfare Blog
‘Liberia making progress on numerous fronts, UN peacekeeping chief tells Security Council’ – UN News Centre (10 September 2015)
‘Talking Peace in Person’ – Carnegie Council
‘Turkey’s True Target’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘First Arms Trade Treaty Conference of States Parties Concludes in Cancun: Now the Real Work Begins’ – Stimson Centre
Crisis Watch No 145 (September 2015)
‘Once Again, Australians are Fighting In the Middle East, Why? – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘ZIF Study – Stress Management in Peace Operations
‘What We’re Reading Now: New Books & Reports on Peacekeeping’ by Marissa McCrone – IPI Observatory
‘Mali – two UN peacekeepers seriously injured in an explosion’ – UN News Centre (22 August 2015)
‘Drivers of State Vulnerability Monitor’ – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
‘Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iraq: Assessment and Prospects’ – Carnegie Council
‘Maritime Security in the Asia-Pacific: China and the Emerging Order in the East and South China Seas’ – Chatham House
‘70 Years on, Peace Remains Incomplete’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Ban addresses top peacekeeping officials amid allegations of abuse by UN blue helmets’ – UN News Centre (13 August 2015)
‘A Way Forward for Natural Resource Conflict Resolution’ – Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs
‘The Dynamics of Violence along the Kashmir Divide’ – Stimson Centre (6 August 2015)
Crisis Watch No 144 (August 2015)
‘Peacekeeping Resource Hub’ – United Nations Peacekeeping
‘Civil Security Dossier – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
‘Syrian Safe Zones Will Undermine US Fight Against ISIS – Chatham House The Royal Institute of International Affairs (29 July 2015)
‘The Future of African Peace Operations – Time to Adjust the Operational Design’, Walter Lutz – ZIF Centre for International Peace Operations
‘A Conversation with Dr Knut Dormann on International Humanitarian Law’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Iraqi Unity & the Fight Against ISIL with US Army Veteran Asha Castleberry’ – Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs (16 July 2015)
‘Japan’s New Security Legislation: A Missed Opportunity’ – Stimson Centre
‘Full-fledged UN peacekeeping mission in Somalia would be ‘high risk undertaking’, Security Council told’ – UN News Centre (16 July 2015)
‘The Iran Nuclear Deal’ – Chatham House: The Royal Institute of International Affairs
‘Pushing the Boundaries – Territorial Conflict in Today’s World’ – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
‘Iran and the GCC’ – Chatham House: The Royal Institute of International Affairs
‘Still hearing the Cries from the Graves: Srebrenica, R2P and the Struggle for Human Protection – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Terror must not Trample on Tunisian Institutions’ – Chatham House: The Royal Institute of International Affairs
Crisis Watch No 143 (July 2015)
‘Mali: UN Condemns attack which killed six peacekeepers’ – UN News (2 July 2015)
‘The Extraterritorial Use of Force’ – Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict
‘Mozambique at 40: A Delicate Opportunity’ – Chatham House Royal Institute of International Affairs
Global Peace Index 2015 – Vision of Humanity
‘Countering Violent Extremism: Lessons from our Region’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘At Security Council, UN force commanders recount modern challenges of peacekeeping’ – UN Peacekeeping News (17 June 2015)
‘The Real Story Behind the South China Sea Dispute’ – London School of Economics
‘Clerical Battle of Iraq’s Streets Tests Limits of Iran’s Power’ – Washington Post (11 June 2015)
Crisis Watch No 142 (June 2015)
‘The Future of African Peace Operations’ – ZIF Centre for International Peace Operations
‘The Goals of War and War’s End’ – Harvard Law School Program on International Law in Armed Conflict
‘Drivers of Vulnerability Monitor: HCSS Centre for Strategic Studies
‘At debate, UN and Security Council renew pledge to counter foreign terror fighters’- UN News Centre (29 May 2015) UN
‘Exercising restraint? The new US rules for Drone transfers’ – Stimson Centre
‘Trident Whistleblower Case Underlines Continuing Risks of Nuclear Weapons’ – Chatham House (22 May 2015)
‘Yemen: UN rights office urges all parties to adhere to international law as civilian toll grows’ – UN News Centre (22 May 2015)
‘Yemen: Faint Hopes for Peace’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘IS/ISIL/ISIS: State of fear outgrows insurgency label’ by David Kilcullen – Sydney Morning Herald (16 May 2015)
‘In Geneva, UN envoy meets with officials from the Russian Federation and United Kingdom’ – UN News Centre (14 May 2015)
‘Stirring up the South China Sea: A Fleeting Opportunity for Calm’ – Crisis Group International (7 May 2015)
Centre for International Peace Operations, Map of Peacekeeping Operations (2014-2015)
‘Yemen: Senior UN Chief urges immediate halt to attacks against civilian and aid workers’ – UN News Centre (7 May 2015)
‘Deterrence Instability and Nuclear Weapons in South Asia’ – Stimson Centre (29 April 2015)
‘Words Speak Louder than Guns’ by William Oosterveld – EU Observer (23 April 2015)
‘Ban calls for immediate end to hostilities in northern Mali amid surge in violence’ (29 April 2015) – United Nations News Centre
[‘Australia and Indonesia: Hard Times Ahead – Australian Institute of International Law (http://www.internationalaffairs.org.au/australian_outlook/australia-indonesia-hard-times-ahead/)
‘Somalia in Crisis: Famine, Counterterrorism and Humanitarian Aid’ – Harvard Law School Program on International Law in Armed Conflict
‘Medical care in armed conflict: International Humanitarian Law and State Responses to Terrorism’ – Harvard Law School Program on International Law in Armed Conflict
‘Negotiating with Terrorists: Interview with Jonathan Powell (23 April 2015) – Chatham House: The Royal Institute for Ethics in International Affairs
‘UN mission peacekeepers repel two attacks in South Darfur’ (24 April 2015) – UN News Centre
‘US-Japan-Australia Security Cooperation: Prospects and Challenges’ – Stimson Centre
Security Council Monthly Report (April 2015) – United Nations Security Council
‘UN mission condemns ‘murderous’ attack on civilians in north-eastern DR Congo village’ – UN News Centre (17 April 2015)
Crisis Watch No 140 (April 2015) – International Crisis Group
‘The Perils of Peacekeeping in Unstabilized Environments’ – Stimson Centre (21 March 2015)
‘The EU and Gazprom’ – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
‘Trapped civilians ‘more desperate than ever’ amid fighting in Yarmouk Camp, UN agency chief warns’ – UN News Centre (6 April 2015_
‘Afghanistan – Opportunity in Crisis’ – Chatham House: The Royal Institute of International Affairs
‘International Counterterrorism Efforts Index’ – Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict
‘Demanding ‘immediate’ ceasefire in Libya, Security Council extends UN mission in crisis torn country’ – UN News Centre (28 March 2015)
‘The Abe Push Behind the Australian Sub Deal’ by Aurelia George Mulgan – Australian Institution of International Affairs
‘UN Envoy outlines progress in DR Congo from ‘shattered’ country to ‘proud nation’ – UN News Centre (19 March 2015)
‘Yemen: What’s at Stake for the United States?’ by Rachel Stool and Shannon Dick – Stimson Centre (18 March 2015)
‘A chronic protection problem: the DPRK and the Responsibility to Protect’ – Chatham House Institute for Ethics in International Affairs
‘Chinese Public Opinion on the East China and South China Seas’ by Graham Dobell – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Security Council delegation assesses progress in Central African Republic’ – UN News Centre (11 March 2015)
‘Cyber Security – Designing Future Stabilisation Efforts’ – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
Crisis Watch (February 2015) – Crisis Group
‘UN condemns terrorist attack in Mali that injured Mission personnel’ – UN News Centre (7 March 2015)
‘What Obama’s Drone Export Policy Really Means’ – Stimson Centre
‘Security Council strongly deplores ISIL’s ‘barbarism’, says resolved stiffened to defeat group’ – United Nations News Centre
‘Future Trends in the Gulf’ – Chatham House The Royal Institute for International Affairs
‘The Arms Trade Treaty and Human Security: Cross-Cutting Benefits of Accession and Implementation’ – Carnegie Council for Ethics and International Affairs
‘Technology Boost for UN Peacekeepers essential in rapidly evolving, complex world’ – UN News Centre (19 February 2015)
‘Mapping Bangladesh’d Political Crisis’ – International Crisis Group
‘Iran and the Future of the Nuclear Order’ by Rod Lyon – Australian Institute for International Affairs
‘UN rights chief calls for ‘one time only’ deferral of key report on Sri Lanka conflict’ – UN News Centre (16 February 2015)
‘The Afghan Challenge’ by Zahir Tanin and Joanne Myers – Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs’
‘Choosing the Next SG – Australian Institute of International Affairs’.
‘Kosovo: UN Convoy calls on parties to engage in dialogue, make ‘hard choices’ for regional stability’: UN Peacekeeping/PeaceOps
‘Yemen Conflict Alert: Time for Compromise – Crisis Group International
International Crisis Group, Crisis Watch (January 2015)
Peace Operations Update (January 2015)
‘Post-Conflict Justice: The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Preventative Medicine: Ebola and Security Sector Reform in Liberia’ – International Relations Security Network (ISN)
‘Sudan and South Sudan’s Merging Conflicts’ – International Crisis Group
Security Council Report – Status Update (January 2015)
‘Expert Commentary – Terrorist attacks are hard to predict’ (23 January 2015) – Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
‘The Search for Missile Defence Consensus’ (17 December 2014) – Friends of Europe
‘Can ISIL be Copied?’ by Florence Gaub – European Union Institute for Strategic Studies
‘Protecting Civilians in Armed Conflict – From Concept to Norm’ – International Peace Institute
‘Congo – Ending the Status Quo’ – Africa Briefing Note No 107 – International Crisis Group
‘Why is Iran a Pressing Danger?’ by Rodger Shanahan – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Beyond Crisis in the DRC: The Dilemmas of International Engagement and Sustainable Change’ by Ben Sheperhd (December 2014) Chatham House Institute of International Affairs
‘The Thais that Bind Us: Ten Years after TAFTA’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘New Zealand: Getting Around the Security Council Table’ by Terence O’Brien – Australian Institute of International Affairs
‘Areas Under ISIS Control’ – New York Times (2 Jan 2015)
‘How Joining the Arms Trade Treaty Can Help Advance Development Goals’ – Chatham House (15 December 2014)
‘Sydney Hostage Incident was a Classic Case of Grassroots Terrorism’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs (18 December 2014)
‘The Rise of ISIS: Implications for US Strategy, Interests and Values’ – Carnegie Council (9 December 2014)
At crossroads’, humanitarian system must engage earlier, more systematically – UN Deputy Chief’ (UN News)
Video Lecture: ‘Fixing Failed States: From Theory to Practice’ (December 2014) Chatham House
Adam MacDonald, ‘Is the Myanmar regime splintering?’ (December 2014) Australian Institute of International Affairs
Jason Browder, ‘Lawlessness: Malaysia and its Law of Rules’ (3 December 2014) Carnegie Council for Ethics and International Affairs
‘Being a Top 20 Defence Player’ – Australian Institute of International Affairs
[‘The Middle East in Crisis – The View from Israel’ – Carnegie Council](http://www.carnegiecouncil.org/studio/multimedia/20141009/index.htm