IHL in Australia

TREATIES

Victims of Armed Conflict

Final Act of the Geneva Conference, 1949

Signature:12.08.1949

Geneva Conventions, 1949

Ratification / Accession:14.10.1958

Reservation / Declaration: 14.10.58

Final Act of the Diplomatic Geneva Conference, 1974-1977

Signature:10.06.1977

Additional Protocol (I) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

Ratification / Accession:21.06.1991

Reservation / Declaration: 21.06.91

Declaration Article 90: 23.09.1992

Additional Protocol (II) to the Geneva Conventions, 1977

Ratification / Accession:21.06.1991

Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989

Ratification / Accession:17.12.1990

Reservation / Declaration: 17.12.90

Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 2000

Ratification / Accession:26.09.2006

Reservation / Declaration: 26.09.2006

Additional Protocol (III) to the Geneva Conventions, 2005

Ratification / Accession:15.07.2009

Methods and Means of Warfare

Geneva Protocol on Asphyxiating or Poisonous Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods, 1925

Ratification / Accession:24.05.1930

Convention on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons, 1972

Ratification / Accession:05.10.1977

Convention prohibiting Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), 1980

Ratification / Accession:29.09.1983

CCW Protocol (I) on Non-Detectable Fragments, 1980

Ratification / Accession:29.09.1983

CCW Protocol (II) prohibiting Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, 1980

Ratification / Accession:29.09.1983

CCW Protocol (III) prohibiting Incendiary Weapons, 1980

Ratification / Accession:29.09.1983

Convention prohibiting Chemical Weapons, 1993

Ratification / Accession:06.05.1994

CCW Protocol (IV) on Blinding Laser Weapons, 1995

Ratification / Accession:22.08.1997

Reservation / Declaration: 22.08.97

CCW Protocol (II) prohibiting Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, amended, 1996

Ratification / Accession:22.08.1997

Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, 1997

Ratification / Accession:14.01.1999

Reservation / Declaration: 14.01.99

Convention prohibiting Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW ), amended Article 1, 2001

Ratification / Accession:03.12.2002

CCW Protocol (V) on Explosive Remnants of War, 2003

Ratification / Accession:04.01.2007

Convention on Cluster Munitions, 2008

Ratification / Accession:08.10.2012

Naval and Air Warfare

London Treaty on Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armaments, 1930

Ratification / Accession:27.10.1930

Procès-verbal on Submarine Warfare of the Treaty of London, 1936

Signature:06.11.1936

Cultural Property

Final Act on the Protection of Cultural Property, The Hague, 1954

Signature:14.05.1954

Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property, 1954

Ratification / Accession:19.09.1984

Criminal Repression

Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal, 1945

Ratification / Accession:05.10.1945

Statute of the International Criminal Court, 1998

Ratification / Accession:01.07.2002

Reservation / Declaration: 01.07.2002

Other Treaties Relating to IHL

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, 1948

Ratification / Accession:08.07.1949

Reservation / Declaration: 08.07.1949 15.11.59 19.01.51

Convention prohibiting environmental modification techniques (ENMOD), 1976

Ratification / Accession:07.09.1984

Arms Trade Treaty, 2013

Ratification / Accession:03.06.2014

 

DOMESTIC LEGISLATION

Criminal Code Amendment (War Crimes) Act 2016

Criminal Code Amendment (Cluster Munitions Prohibition) Act 2012

Defence Legislation (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2009

International Criminal Court Act 2002

International Criminal Court (Consequential Amendments) Act 2002

Anti-Personnel Mines Convention Act 1998

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Act 1998

International Transfer of Prisoners Act 1997

Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Act 1995

Chemical Weapons (Prohibition) Act 1994

Protection of Movable Cultural Heritage Act 1986

South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty Act 1986

Defence Force Discipline Act 1982

Crimes (Biological Weapons) Act 1976

Geneva Conventions Act 1957 

Genocide Convention Act 1949

War Crimes Act 1945

PARLIAMENTARY REPORTS

‘Operation of the Australian Defence Force’s resistance to interrogation training’, Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (27 March 2017)

‘The potential use by the Australian Defence Force of unmanned air, maritime and land platforms’, Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (25 June 2015)

‘The importance of the Indian Ocean rim for Australia’s foreign, trade and defence policy’, Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (14 June 2013)

‘Australia’s overseas development programs in Afghanistan’, Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (16 May 2013) 

‘Government’s response to kidnapping of Australian citizens overseas’ by Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Committee (25 November 2011)

‘Review of reforms to Australia’s military justice system’ Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (2006-2008)

‘Australia’s involvement in peacekeeping operations’ , Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (26 August 2008)

‘Duties of Australian personnel in Iraq’, Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (18 August 2005)