Australian Peacekeeping

The following research page has been prepared by previous APCML website administrator Zoe Hough for the purpose of identifying contributions and trends in contemporary Australian peacekeeping:

List of Australian Operations

Name of Mission / OperationTheatre / CountryYears of Australian Involvement
UN Consular CommissionDutch East Indies (now Indonesia)1947
UN Committee of Good Offices (UNGOC)Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia)1947 – 1949
UN Special Committee on the Balkans (UNSCOB)Greece1947 – 1951
UN Commission for Indonesia (UNCI)Indonesia1949 – 1951
UN Commission on Korea (UNCOK)Korea1950
UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)Kashmir1948 – 1985
UN Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea (UNCURK)Korea1951 – 1973
UN Command Military Armistice Commission (UNCMAC)Korea1953 – 
UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)Middle East1956 – 
UN Operation in the Congo (ONUC)Congo1960 – 1961
UN Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA)West New Guinea1962 – 1963
UN Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM)Yemen1963 – 1964
UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)Cyprus1964 – 2017
UN India–Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM)India, Pakistan1965 – 1966
UN Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)Israel, Syria1974
Second UN Emergency Force (UNEF II)Sinai1973 – 1979
UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)Lebanon1978
Commonwealth MonitoringForce (CMF)Zimbabwe1979 – 1980
Commonwealth Military Training Team – Uganda (CMTTU)Uganda1982 – 1984
Multinational Force and Observers (MFO)Sinai1982 – 1986
1993 – 
UN Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG)Iran, Iraq1988 – 1990
UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG)Namibia1989 – 1990
UN Border Relief Operation (UNBRO)Thai–Cambodian border1989 – 1993
UN Mine Clearance Training Team (UNMCTT)Afghanistan, Pakistan1989 – 1993
First Maritime Interception Force (MIF I)Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Red Sea1990 – 1991
Second Maritime Interception Force (MIF II)Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Red Sea1991 – 2001
UN Special Commission (UNSCOM)Iraq1991 – 1999
Operation Provide ComfortIraq1991
UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO)Western Sahara1991 – 1994
UN Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC)Cambodia1991 – 1992
UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC)Cambodia1992 – 1993
First UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM I)Somalia1992 – 1993
Unified Task Force (UNITAF)Somalia1992 – 1993
UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR)Former Yugoslavia1992
Second UN Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II)Somalia1993 – 1995
Cambodian Mine Action Centre (CMAC)Cambodia1994 – 1999
UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR)Rwanda1994 – 1995
UN Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ)Mozambique1994
South Pacific Peace-Keeping Force (SPPKF)Bougainville1994
Multinational Force (MNF)Haiti1994 – 1995
Accelerated Demining Program (ADP)Mozambique1994 – 2002
UN Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA)Guatemala1997
Implementation Force / Stabilisation Force / Kosovo Force (IFOR / SFOR / KFOR)Former Yugoslavia1995 – 2004
Truce Monitoring Group (TMG)Bougainville1997 – 1998
Peace Monitoring Group (PMG)Bougainville1998 – 2003
UN Mission in East Timor (UNAMET)East Timor1999
International Force East Timor (INTERFET)East Timor1999 – 2000
UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET)East Timor2000 – 2002
International Peace Monitoring Team (IPMT)Solomon Islands2000 – 2002
UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)Ethiopia, Eritrea2001 – 2005
International Military Advisory and Training Team (IMATT)Sierra Leone2001 – 2003
UN Mission of Support in East Timor(UNMISET)East Timor2002 – 2005
UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission for Iraq (UNMOVIC)Iraq2002 – 2003
UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)Afghanistan2003 – 2004
2005 –
Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI)Solomon Islands2003 – 2017
UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS)Sudan2005 – 2011
UN Office in Timor-Leste (UNOTIL)Timor-Leste2005 – 2006
International Stabilisation Force (ISF)Timor-Leste2006 – 2013
UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)Timor-Leste2006 – 2012
African Union–UN Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)Darfur2008 – 2011
UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI)Iraq2009 – 2013
UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS)South Sudan2011 –

Further information: https://peacekeepers.asn.au/operations/

Australian Contributions to UN Peacekeeping Operations (UN PKOs)

The following graphs analyse Australia’s monthly contributions to UN PKOs spanning the period of January 2001 – June 2019. They rely on official data provided by UN Peacekeeping, and will be periodically updated to reflect recent Australian developments in this space. The data underlying these graphs is also available for download below:

Current Government Policy on Australia and Peacekeeping 

Defence White Paper 

The 2016 Defence White Paper states:

“Australia’s security and prosperity depend on a stable Indo–Pacific region and rules-based global order”.

‘The White Paper then outlines some areas where Australia’s interests in this sphere would be served by contributing military capabilities to global coalition operations. This list includes contributing to UN peacekeeping operations, in line with the approach taken in previous White Papers. 

Specifically, on the issue of contributing further ADF personnel to UN-led operations, the White Paper states at paragraph 3.31:

“Australia remains one of the most active supporters of the United Nations and Defence will continue to make tailored contributions to United Nations operations in the future where it is in Australia’s interests to do so. In addition to possible contributions to peacekeeping operations, Defence will continue working with the United Nations to build its capacity to lead international efforts to respond to global security challenges. Our efforts will include providing targeted funding and expertise to help the United Nations develop standards and training for its future peacekeeping operations”.

UN Peacebuilding Fund

Established in 2006, the United Nations Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) is a multi-year standing trust fund for post-conflict peacebuilding. Australia has contributed significant financial resources to this fund, most recently committing $10 million over three years in 2016.

More information about the fund can be found here: 

Sustaining Peace Resolution

Australia engaged closely with the 2015 Review of the UN Peacebuilding Architecture to identify ways to improve the UN’s support for fragile and conflict affected states. Together with Angola, Australia led negotiations on parallel resolutions to the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly, which give effect to the review’s findings and advance system-wide reform. The Sustaining Peace resolution sets the agenda for a new approach to conflict prevention.

Responsibility to Protect

The 2015 Study on Australia’s Domestic Implementation of R2P was undertaken by the Asia Pacific Centre for R2P, in consultation with DFAT and other government agencies. The key goal of the Study was to ensure Australia maintains a strong capacity to identify and respond to emerging risks. The Study was positive about Australia’s contribution.

More information about the Study can be found here:

Legal Basis

Proposed operations must accord with international law, Australian domestic law and the domestic law of the state in which the operation is taking place.

Further detail can be found here:  

Further Resources